A HISTORICAL ARCHIVE
When I was active as a short wave and medium wave-AM
listener (DXing) from 1963 to 1972 I took during trips PHOTOS that now may be of
some interest to other DX listeners. I have therefore decided to scan and share
some of them, on the net, with those who may like to watch them. –
My page on history facts about radiostations.
Please note that normal COPYRIGHT applies for this page.
FURTHER DOWN ON THIS PAGE YOU CAN FIND AUDIO
RECORDINGS OF OLD STATION IDENTIFICATIONS, IMAGE SCANS OF
SOME OF MY FAVOURITE QSL CARDS (AND QSL LETTERHEADS), AND OF
Click on the hyperlinks in the lists to load the pictures, and on
browser's Back to
This page was originally published in December 2003.
G. Kock, Finland.
(Address has to be typed.)
The address of this page is
Visit my philatelic pages too:
Forgery Guide, Articles,
RADIO STATION PICTURES
All pictures are black and white,
which actually is fortunate, because the colour prints of those days would not have preserved
their colours well. Due to modest photographic equipment, lack of skill and small size prints the
quality of these old photos is indeed unpretentious, but this DX page has no profound
SPAIN, GIBRALTAR & PORTUGAL, Sept.–Oct. 1970
During two weeks I and six of my DX friends toured the south western part of
the Iberian peninsula and northern Morocco in two cars. Gibraltar had to be
entered by air via Tangier. Most of the time was spent visiting radio stations,
in the below order.
Radio Juventud de Málaga:
entrance to studios and offices.
Radio Nacional España: antenna of the Málaga
MW (AM) transmitting site.
Radio Antequera: MW transmitting aerial mast
La Voz de Granada: MW transmitting aerial mast.
Radio Popular de Granada: studio and office
premises (at left), and entrance (last
photo by fellow-traveller).
Radio Granada: corner of studio and office
Radio Córdoba: the old aerial* at some
distance; and from below.
Radio Popular de Córdoba: entrance to the
studios and offices.
Sines transmitting site (south western coast of Portugal): aerial
masts and buildings at a distance; one of the
hall; a transmitter. This then modern and
powerful SW site was at that time used by the Deutsche Welle as a relay station.
Rádio Renascença (Lisbon): transmitting site
(building and aerials); MW transmitter;
SW transmitter; the (then) new
FM transmitter and the station engineer.
Emissores Associados de Lisboa: FM transmitter
and studio. QSL.
La Voz del Guadalquivir (Seville): entrance to
studios and offices; MW station. .wav.
Radio Sevilla: office and studio building and
its entrance (last photo by
Radio Nacional de España, Centro Emisor del Sur, Seville: MW
Radio Popular de Jerez, Jerez de la Frontera: office and studio
Radio Cádiz: sign over the entrance to the
offices and studios.
Radio Juventud Cádiz: office and studio building
AFRTS Rota (near Cádiz, US Navy): radio station
building and aerials; FM service.
Radio Nacional de España, Campo de Gibraltar MW station, La Línea de la
Concepción: transmitter mast, with Gibraltar
in the background.
Radio Algeciras: office/studio building; on its
roof; MW transmitter
Radio Gibraltar: the entrance; a company
van; studio; MW
aerial; TV test
picture (last photo by fellow-traveller).
British Forces Broadcasting Service, Gibraltar: station
plate by the entrance,
Radio Ceuta, Ceuta (Spanish town in northern Morocco): the office and studio
building (photo by fellow-traveller); the
badge on the façade; the studio
*Radio Córdoba (source:
www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=560618, Dec. 2007):
The tower was erected in 1933 in Alfonso XIII street and disassembled in the
early 1980s. Now there is the Instituto de Enseñanza Secundaria Maimónides at
the site. The tower was some 80 metres high.
Palace, London, 219 metres mast built in 1956 for TV, VHF, MW. July 1970.
Rozglosnia Harcerska (Pathfinders' Radio), Warsaw: the
building at a distance; SW
aerials on the roof; the
entrance. September 1969.
Radio Nordsee International, pirate MW station in the North Sea:
the ship and the transmitter. (Photos by DX'er Gerd
Klawitter, ~1970.) .wav.
National Hellenic Broadcasting Institute (Ethnikon Idhryma Radhiophonias), Athens: entrance to the office and studio
building. 1974 or 1975.
Voice of America, Rhodes (Afandou), Greece: SW & MW relay station, the aerial
masts. 1975. The whole
station (inaugurated in 1964) was moved to Kuwait in 2006.
Tallinn, Estonian SSR: office and studio buildings
and their signs; TV-mast (demolished in 1980) in centre of town. 1971.
1360 kHz, Chicxulab, Puerto, Yucatán.
1190 kHz, Jojutla near Alpueca, Morales. September 1979.
Mast of a Swedish FM/TV transmitter (probably Hörby). July 1972.
Finnish Army Signal Corps: interior of a military transmitting and receiving
station. 1968. (Type Aki VR-7. The RF unit is
visible at far right, on top of the receiver is the transmitter's tuner.
Power 100 W AM, frequency range 1.5–9 MHz, total weight 134 kg.) At far
left a Hell teletypewriter (German made, WW2). 1968.
mobile military FM transceiver for 35–55 MHz, weight 12,5 kg with
batteries and 17,5 kg with accumulator. Autophon AG type
E-77 VHF receiver. Both 1968.
Finnish Broadcasting Co., Tapiola (also known as Laajalahti, in Espoo) 100 kW MW
transmitter (557 kHz) and its
The station engineer (at right) with a visiting DX'er. ~1967. (Station closed and site demolished
in August 1989. It had opened in 1951.)
Nummela point-to-point (fixed communication) site. 196x, now demolished.
Mariehamn Radio, maritime point-to-point station. 24 August 1963.
Finnish Broadcasting Co., Helsinki Laajasalo (Tonttuvuori
at Jollas): receiving and measuring station
interior. ~1967. (Station opened in 1948
and closed in June 1982 (transferred to Jokela).)
International Short Wave Club, London: the club leader
outside his flat. Visited July 1970.
My own receiver, Trio ER-202. ~1967.
Here are some of my
recordings (by open-reel tape recorder) of radio station identifications (call
signs). Many of the stations are not rare and the audio quality is what ordinary DX'ers
of those days used to experience with their simple receivers, but the recordings
could be of nostalgic interest today and worth preserving for future research.
In order to make the collection more usable I have included some good recordings
created on the spot (marked thus), and a few other loggings made by friends
here. – Cf. my history facts about
radio stations (in Swedish).
These audio files are ordinary .WAV files, uncompressed but lossless.
Most recordings are very short. One big file is, as a test, also offered MP3 encoded.
If left-clicking the link does not start your media
player: download to your own computer (right-click on hyperlink and select,
in MSIE, "Save Target
As"), and then separately open with e.g. Windows Media Player.
EUROPE – Radio history
BBC, in Finnish, 1963.
ICRC (International Committee of the Red
Switzerland, test bc, 1963.
BBC, in Czech, the timpani "V",
VOA BBC, relayed by, Great Britain,
Radio España de Barcelona, EAJ15, 1963.
WDR, Westdeutsche Rundfunk, 1963.
PTT East Berlin, E. Germany, 1964.
PTT Hamburg, Deutsche Bundespost, 1964.
Shannon Aeradio, Ireland, 1964.
Radio Caroline, North Sea, 1965.
RTB, Belgium, 1965. QSL.
Radio Scotland, North Sea, 1966.
La Voz Sindical de España, ECS1, Madrid,
Radio Granada, EAJ16, 1966.
Pyrgos Broadcasting Station,
2, Greece, 1965/1970.
Radio Vilnius, Lithuanian SSR, 1966.
AFN (American Forces Network), Munich, 1966.
Rádio Renascença, Portugal, 1966.
Radio Zagreb, Yugoslavia, 1966.
Radio 3 9 0, North Sea, 1966.
Voice of the West, Portugal, 1966.
Radio London, North Sea, 1966.
Finnish BC, +interval signal, 1966.
Swiss BC, 1966.
BBC Limassol, Cyprus, 1966.
Radio Andorra, 1966.
LV de Cantabria, EFE25, Spain
La Voz de Vigo, EFE31, Spain, 1966.
Radio Caroline South, North Sea, 1966.
Radio England, North Sea, 1966.
Radio Arkhangelsk, Soviet Union, 1966.
Radio Peninsular (RNE), Spain (Málaga),
Radio Nacional de España, Murcia, 1966.
Österreichische Rundfunk, Austria, 1966.
Radio Belgrade, Yugoslavia, 1966.
Radio Moscow, in Swedish, interval signal,
Trans World Radio, Monaco, 1966.
Deutschlandfunk, W. Germany, 1966.
La Voz de Madrid, EFE14, Spain, 1966.
Radio Popular de Zamora, EAK26, Spain, 1966.
Radio España de Madrid, EAJ2, 1966. "Viva
Arriba España", 1966.
Free Radio Prague, Occupied Czechoslovakia,
Free Kossuth Radio, Hungary, Imre Nagy
1956 uprising. (Archive recording.)
LV Guadalquivir, Sevilla, Spain, 1969.
Manx Radio, Isle of Man UK, 1969.
Schulungssender, Austrian Army training
transmitter, SW, 1969. QSL.
Radio Free Russia (NTS), clandestine, 1969.
Forces BS (YENED) Thessaloniki, Greece, 1970.
Radio Nordsee Int., North Sea, 1970.
Radio Veronica, North Sea, 1969.
Radio Popular de Vigo, EOP33, Spain, 1969.
Capital Radio, North Sea, 1970.
LV de Cantabria, EFE25, Spain, 1970.
Radio Centro, Spain (Madrid), 1970.
Radio de Hoop, North Sea, 1970.
Radiophonikos Stathmos Phokidos, Greece
(Amphissa), MW, private, 1970. QSL.
Deutscher Soldatensender, E. Germany, for
W. German Armed Forces, 1970. QSL.
La Voz de Levante, EFE17, Spain, 1971. 6 MB wav
file, but the Falangist close-down ceremony is
Forces BS (YENED) Kavalla, Greece, 1971.
and PACIFIC – Radio history,
VOA 5MVA, Liberia (Monrovia), 1963.
Radio Tunis, 1963.
UAR BC, Egypt, in Arabic, 1966.
Rádio Clube Moçambique,
1966, recorded locally.
AFRTS Wheelus Field, Libya, 1967.
Radio Sáhara, EAJ103, Sp. Sahara, 1967.
Voice of Biafra, Enugu, in Spanish, 1967.
Voice of the Gospel, ETLF, Ethiopia, 1968.
BBC Ascension, 1968.
Radio Las Palmas, EAJ50, Canary Is., 1970.
Radio Iran, 1964.
Radio Ahwaz, Iran, 1966.
CSRC (Commercial Service of R. Ceylon), 1966.
Voice of Free China, Taiwan, 1966.
Voice of Free Korea, S. Korea, 1966.
Voice of Vietnam, N. Vietnam, 1966.
Lebanese BS, 1966.
Radio Pakistan, for UK, 1966.
KFBK, Ryukyus, 1966, recorded locally.
Radio 6-5-0 (AFN), Ryukyus, 1966, recorded
Hongkong Comm. Bc., 1966, recorded
Radio Singapura, 1966, recorded locally.
AFRTS Vietnam (Da Nang), 1966, recorded
SEATO (South East Asian Treaty Organisation),
Thailand, 1966, recorded locally.
Burma BS (BBS), 1966, recorded locally.
Far East Broadcasting Co., Philippines, 1968.
Radio Gorgan, Iran, 1968.
Radio Isfahan, Iran, 1969.
Philippine BS, 1969.
Voice of the Philippines, 1969.
Radio Naft-i-Melli, Iran (Abadan), 1970.
Radio Cambodia, 1971.
Voice of Free Asia (VOA Ban Phachi),
HLKX, S. Korea, MW, 1970.
Radio Malaysia Sarawak, 1971.
Radio New Zealand, 1966.
KPOI, Hawaii, 1966, recorded locally.
Radio Australia, +kookaburra bird,
NORTH and CENTRAL
AMERICA – Radio history,
VOA Bethany, USA, 1964.
UN Radio, via VOA, USA, 1966.
AFRTS, USA, 1966.
WRUL, R. New York Worldwide, SW, 1966.
Canadian BS, Newfoundland, 1966.
Radio Bermuda, 1966, recorded locally.
ZFB1, Capital BC, Bermuda, 1966,
CKSA, Canada (Lloydminster AB), 1968.
ORTF St. Pierre & Miquelon, 1968.
Radio Americas, Swan Is., 1964.
Radio Reloj, Costa Rica, 1964.
WITA, Radio Imparcial, Puerto Rico, 1966.
Voice of Sint Maarten, PJD2, Neth. Antilles,
TWR Bonaire, Neth. Antilles, 1966.
WMDD, Puerto Rico, 1966, recorded locally.
WUNO, Puerto Rico, 1966, recorded locally.
WRAI, R. Aeropuerto Internac., PR, 1966, r. locally.
WBNS, American Virgin Is., 1966, recorded
WSTA, American Virgin Is., 1966, recorded
WMIA, R. Arecibo, PR, 1966, recorded locally.
Radio Hoyer, Curaçao, 1966, recorded locally.
Radio Curom, Curaçao,
1966, recorded locally.
Jamaica BC (JBC), 1966, recorded locally.
de Radiodif., HOK, 1966, r. locally.
Radio Casino, TIQ, Costa Rica, 1966,
Radio Universal, HOB49, Panamá, 1966, r.
La Voz del Istmo, HOXO, Panamá, 1966, r.
XEKZ, R. Cadena Nacional, Mexico, 1966, r.
Radio Nuevo Mundo, TGJ, Guatemala, 1966, r.
Radio Mil, YNY, Nicaragua, 1966, recorded
Cadena Radial Salvadoreña, YSEB, 1966, r.
Radio Trinidad, Trinidad, 1966, recorded
Radio Kelkboom, PJA5, Aruba, 1966, recorded
Broadcasting Nacionales, HIXZ, Dominican
Rep., 1966, recorded locally.
La Voix de la Révolution Duvaliériste, Haiti, 1968.
XEW, Mexico, 1968, recorded locally.
Radio Revolución, Cuba, 1968.
AFRTS Fort Clayton, Canal Zone, 1969, r.
LV Fuerzas Armadas, Dominican Rep., 1970.
Radio Deportiva Handicap, Dominican Rep.,
Radio Philips, YNMS, Nicaragua, MW, 1970.
Radio Commerce, 4VB, Haiti, 1970.
Radio Rebelde, Cuba, MW, 1970.
4VEH, Haiti, 1970.
Radio Oriente Rebelde, Cuba, 1970.
La Voz Dominicana, Dominican Rep., 1970.
SOUTH AMERICA –
Radio Tropical, YVKP, Venezuela, 1966.
La Voz de Chile, CE970, 1966.
Radio Argentina al Exterior, LRA, 1966.
R. Sociedad Nacional Minería, CE106, Chile,
2, LR3, Argentina, 1966/1970.
Radio Altiplano, CP38, Bolivia, 1966.
R. Nueva Granada,
HJKJ, Colombia, 1966. Pennant.
Radio Santa Fé, HJAF, Colombia, 1966.
Rdif. Nacional Colombia, HJCQ, 1966.
Rádio Sociedade da Bahía, ZYN32, Brazil, 1966.
Rádio Globo, ZYZ36, Brazil, 1966.
R. Ministerio da Educação e Cultura,
R. Jornal do Commercio, ZYK32, Brazil,
Emisora Rio-Mar, HJAC, Colombia, 1966.
Radio Barcelona, YVQJ, Venezuela, 1966.
Ondas del Lago, YVFM, Venezuela, 1966, r.
Radio Coro, YVMN, Venezuela, 1966, r. locally.
Rádio Continental, ZYK31, Brazil, 1963.
Ondas del Caribe, HJBI, Colombia, 1966, r.
LV de Barranquilla, HJAJ, Colombia, 1966,
Ondas de la Ciegena Grande, HJBL,
1966, recorded locally.
Emisora Fuentes, "Dínamo Radio", HJAE,
Colombia, 1966, recorded locally. This is good.
R. Puerto Cabello, YVLF, Venezuela, 1966,
R. Bolivar, HCDG2, Ecuador, 1966, recorded
R. Chimbote, OAX3F, Peru, 1966, recorded
Radio Unión, OBZ4N,
2 nice song ID,
1966, recorded locally.
Radio Victoria, OAX4X, Peru, 1966, r.
R. La Crónica, OAX4I, Peru, 1966, recorded
R. Noticia, HCFD2, Ecuador, 1966, r.
Radio Continental, HJCS, Colombia, 1966,
recorded locally. This is good.
LV de la Costa, HJCT, Colombia, 1966, r.
Radio Unión, OBZ4N,
Peru, 1966, recorded
Radio Chincha, OAX5D, Peru, 1967.
Voice of the Andes, HCJB, Ecuador, 1968.
Radio Rumbos, YVLK, Venezuela, 1968.
Radio Nacional Venezuela, YVKO, 1970.
Transmisora Caldas, HJFW, Colombia, 1968.
Em. Nueva Granada, HJKJ, Colombia, 1968.
Rádio Cultura da Bahia, ZYN20, Brazil,
Radio Belgrano, Argentina, 1968.
Rádiodifusora São Paulo, Brazil, 1968.
Radio Succeso, Ecuador, 1968, recorded locally.
Emisora Mil Veinte, HJCC, Colombia, 1968,
Rádio Espinharas de Patos, Brazil, MW,
Radio Zulia, Venezuela, MW, 1970.
Radio Internacional, Colombia, MW, 1970.
Radio Valera, YVOI, Venezuela, 1970.
Radio Quito, HCQR1, Ecuador, 1970.
Emisora Atlántico, HJAG, Colombia, 1969.
Radio Sutatenza, HJGC, Colombia, MW, 1970.
2, Rosario & Buenos Aires, 1970.
Radio San Sebastián, YVSS, Venezuela, 1970.
Rádiodifusora Acreana, ZYF201, Brazil, 1970.
Radio Casa de la Cultura, HCCR1, Ecuador, 1970.
Emisora Pio XII, CP81, Bolivia, 1970.
Radio Pacífico, HJEX, Colombia, 1970.
La Voz Amiga, HJFK, Colombia, 1970.
Radio Loreto, OAX8E, Peru, 1969.
Radio Délcar, OAX1C, Peru, 1970.
SOME OF MY QSLs
the introduction of the DX QSL card, many radio stations in the USA, as well
as some in Canada, Mexico and Cuba, sent Verified Reception Stamps in answer
to listeners' reports. They were invented in 1924 by EKKO Company of
Chicago, who sold them to broadcast radio stations, of which some 700
participated. Their use ended in the 1930s. The US stamps are nicely
engraved and recess printed, the Candian ones lithographed.
Larger image. Link to
Radio 3 9 0, pirate radio, North Sea, MW, 1966.
AFN Stuttgart, MW, 1963.
Capital Radio, pirate off Netherl.,
MW, 1970. .wav.
Emissoras Associados de Lisboa, MW, 1968.
Europe 1, Saar, LW, 1963.
Radio Euzkadi, Basque clandestine, SW, 1967.
Útvarp Føroya, Faroese Is., MW, 1968.
Radio Koper Capodistria, Yugoslavia, MW, 1966.
La Voz de Levante, Valencia, MW/SW, 1971.
Manx Radio, Isle of Man UK, MW, 1969.
Emissores do Norte Reunidos, Porto, MW,
Radio Free Russia (NTS), clandest., SW, 1969.
Radio Saarbrücken, Germany, MW, 1963.
Deutscher Soldatensender, E. Germany, 1970.
Radio Veronica, pirate off Neth., MW,
Radio Barcelona, Spain, MW, 1964.
R. Renascença, Portugal, SW, 1966.
Radio City, pirate radio, North Sea, MW,
Radio España Independiente, clandestine, SW,
RIAS, West Berlin, MW/SW, 1967.
Südwestfunk, Germany, MW/SW, 1963.
Norddeutscher Rundfunk, Germany, MW/SW, 1963.
Radio Andorra, MW/SW, 1966.
Schulungssender, Austrian Army training BC
transmitter, SW, 1969. .wav.
Belgian National Broadc. Sce., SW, 1964.
Radio Essex, pirate radio, North Sea, MW,
Radio De Hoop, hospital ship broadc. sce.,
North Sea, SW, 1970. .wav.
Ríkisútvarpiđ, Iceland, LW/SW, 1966.
Radio Monte Carlo, Monaco, MW/SW, 1964.
Rádio Clube Português, Portugal, MW/SW, 1964.
SWL card (for HAM stations), my own, 1960's.
Pyrgos Broadcasting Station, Greece, MW,
Radiophonikos Stathmos Phokidos, private,
Greece (Amphissa), MW, 1970. .wav.
Radio Sevilla, Spain, MW, 1965.
AFRTS Kagnew Station, Eritrea, MW, 1969.
Radio Atlántico, Canary Is., MW, 1968.
AFRTS Wheelus Field, Libya, MW.
Deutsche Welle, Rwanda, SW, 1966.
Radio Malagasy, Malgache Rep., SW, 1966.
Rádio Clube Moçambique, SW/MW, 1966.
ELWA, Liberia, SW, 1963.
FEBA, Seychelles, SW, 1970.
Radio Cameroun, SW, 1967.
Radio CORDAC, Burundi, SW, 1967.
Rádio Clube São Tomé, SW, 1967.
Radio Mauritanie, SW, 1970.
BBC Masirah Is., Oman, MW, 1970.
BFBS Aden, MW, 1966.
Radio Afghanistan, SW/MW, 1969.
Radio Brunei, SW, 1967.
Broadc. Corp. of China, Taiwan, SW, 1966.
BFBS Singapore, SW, 1969.
BBC Far Eastern Station, Singapore, SW,
Radio Malaysia, SW, 1967.
Radio Angkatan Udara (Indonesian Air
Force bc. station), SW, 1970.
Voice of the Coast, Dubai, SW, 1970.
Qatar Broadcasting Service, SW, 1969.
Radio Malaysia Sarawak, SW, 1971.
South East Asia Radio Voice, Philippines,
KSBU (FEBC), Ryukyus, MW, 1971.
Radio Australia Darwin, SW, 1970.
Solomon Is. Broadcasting Sce., SW, 1970.
Radio Nouméa, New Caledonia, SW, 1970.
and SOUTH AMERICA
VOA Bound Brook (WBOU), SW, 1963.
CKBW, Canada NS, MW, 1970.
Radio ZDK, Antigua, MW, 1971.
Radio Americas, Swan Is., SW/MW, 1964.
Radio Nederland Bonaire, Neth. Antilles, SW, 1969.
Windward Is. Broadc. Sce., Grenada, SW, 1963.
Radio Reloj, Costa Rica, SW, 1967.
Radio Cristal, Dominican Rep., SW, 1970.
Rádio Aparecida, Brazil, SW, 1967.
Radio El Mundo, Argentina, SW/MW, 1968.
Rádio Jornal do Commercio, Brazil, SW, 1964.
Radio Barquisimeto, Venezuela, SW, 1965.
Radio Demerara, Guyana, SW, 1969.
Radio Espinharas de Patos, Brazil, MW,
Radio Boconó, Venezuela, SW, 1967.
Emisoras Gran Colombia, Ecuador, SW, 1971.
Radio Altiplano, Bolivia, SW, 1971.
Radio Carve, Uruguay, MW, 1968.
Radio del Pacífico, Peru, SW, 1970.
Radio Frontera, Venezuela, SW, 1967.
Radio Guatapurí, Ecuador, SW, 1970.
Radio Atlántida, Peru, SW, 1970.
Rádio Poti, Brazil, SW, 1970.
Radio España de Barcelona (EAJ15).
Radio Colosal, Colombia.
CRE Guayaquil, Ecuador.
Radio El Mundo, Argentina.
Emisora Atlántico, Colombia.
Radio Frontera, Venezuela.
Radio Mallorca, Spain.
Radio Juventud Murcia, Spain.
Emisora Nueva Granada, Colombia.
Broadcasting Station, Greece. .wav.
Radio Juventud Granada, Spain.
Radio Nacional de España, Spain.
Radio Nacional de España, Sevilla, Spain.
Emissora Rural, Brazil.
Radio Santa Cruz, Bolivia.
Suomen DX-Kuuntelijat (a DX club), Finland.
Ecos del Torbes, Venezuela.
Radio Nacional de Venezuela,
Radio Zaragoza, Spain.
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Kustantaja Pt Ky, Finland